Leetcode_451 Sort Characters By Frequency

原题地址:https://leetcode.com/problems/sort-characters-by-frequency/?tab=Description

Given a string, sort it in decreasing order based on the frequency of characters.

Example 1:

Input:
"tree"

Output:
"eert"

Explanation:
'e' appears twice while 'r' and 't' both appear once.
So 'e' must appear before both 'r' and 't'. Therefore "eetr" is also a valid answer.

Example 2:

Input:
"cccaaa"

Output:
"cccaaa"

Explanation:
Both 'c' and 'a' appear three times, so "aaaccc" is also a valid answer.
Note that "cacaca" is incorrect, as the same characters must be together.

Example 3:

Input:
"Aabb"

Output:
"bbAa"

Explanation:
"bbaA" is also a valid answer, but "Aabb" is incorrect.
Note that 'A' and 'a' are treated as two different characters.

看到这道题,第一反应用map来做。先用map来统计一下,再输出就行了。

后来看到一种相对更简单的方法,用C++里<algorithm>的sort函数简单用一个既定规则排一下序就行了。程序代码如下(匿名函数此时挺好用):

ps:此题标注难度为medium,但是感觉其实应属于easy。。

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